The Kalaam Cosmological Argument
The Kalaam Cosmological Argument for God’s existence is a formally valid argument. Which means that the argument is structured properly. Therefore, if its premises are true, then the conclusion necessarily follows and is true.
Premise one: Whatever begins to exist has a cause.
Premise two: The universe began to exist.
Premise three (conclusion): Therefore, a cause of the universe exists.
The first premise is uncontroversial. Things just don’t pop into being from absolute nothingness.
There are good reasons to believe that the universe is not eternal.
Scientifically, the best evidence that we have from Big Bang cosmology is that the universe began to exist about 14 billion years ago.
Philosophically, the idea of infinite past time is nonsensical. If you were going to launch a rocket and began counting down from infinity, the rocket would never get off the launch pad! You could never reach “blast off” because there would always be more numbers to count down.
We could have never gotten to this present moment of time, if the past is infinite.
The second premise of this argument stands: The universe began to exist. So, the conclusion necessarily follows: Therefore, a cause of the universe exists.
This is where Dr. Craig invites the listener to do a conceptual analysis of what this Cause is like. Remember, we are seeking to account for the Cause of the natural realm. So, by definition, that Cause is super-natural or beyond the natural realm. That cause would be, according to Dr. Craig:
• Enormously powerful
• And personal
Probably most of these characteristics of the Cause are evident. But the question is: Why must this cause be personal? Dr. Craig answers this question here: https://youtu.be/v2mFogzBO-Y
Let me know what you think or if you have any questions.
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